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by tony robinson-smith

Michaelmas Term Both of the Core courses detailed below are designed to provide training in the close-reading of literary style and form with regard to historical and intellectual context. Faculty members whose teaching or research interests include Modern or Contemporary Literature:. You may find it helpful to find out about funding for home students or funding for overseas students before you apply. All graduate students in Cambridge are members of a College as well as of a Faculty of the University, and those applying through the Graduate Admission website for a place on the course will find themselves invited to list a number of Colleges in order of preference.

It is a good idea to consult the prospectuses of a number of Colleges before you apply. All applications must be made using the online Applicant Portal on the Graduate Admissions Office website. It is important that you read through the information available on this website before submitting your application. If you are seeking funding for your course, there are specific deadlines and eligibility criteria for each funding competition. Please check the Student Registry funding webpages for details of eligibility and the Application and Funding Deadlines section of the Graduate Admissions Office website for application deadlines.

Please note that after submitting your online application form, there may be a delay of up to 48 hours before you are able to access your self-service account and submit supporting documentation. Applications are first considered by the Faculty.

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Potential supervisors are then consulted. Successful applications are then offered to the Colleges of the student's choice, and may be then passed on to the second or third choice. The Faculty is willing in principle to accept candidates with strong 2. Applicants should note, however, that the vast majority of those accepted onto the MPhil do have a first class BA degree or its overseas equivalent, and the vast majority of students accepted for the PhD have similarly strong MA marks.

Applicants whose first degrees are in other disciplines are always considered, provided they can give an account of how their interest in literary study has developed. We welcome qualified UK, EU, and overseas applicants those for whom English is not a first language will be required by the Board of Graduate Studies to provide evidence of linguistic proficiency. Applicants should include specific proposals for advanced study or research of around words. A piece of written work, of 5, - 7, words, should accompany a formal application. Applicants may submit any work they like, but it is worth choosing work which is recent and which relates to your proposed area of study, if this is available.

Many applicants submit their undergraduate dissertation or similar extended piece of work. You can submit one long piece or several shorter essays if you wish. In reaching decisions about applications the Degree Committee takes particular account of:. Enquiries regarding the course content should be addressed to the course convenor - Dr Edward Allen. All other queries should be directed to Anna Fox graduate secretary.

The Cambridge Introduction to Travel Writing

Search Cambridge. Search English. International students Continuing education Executive and professional education Courses in education. Research at Cambridge. Travel literature whether inspired by pleasure, pilgrimage, official duty, geographical exploration or profit emerges as a prominent genre in virtually all times and cultures. Travel narratives mediate between fact and fiction, autobiography and ethnography, combining a number of academic disciplines, literary categories and social codes.

They also raise issues concerning power and self- perception, cultural representation as well as imagination. Travel literature is a popular genre of published work today. However, it is rarely a dispassionate and scientific recording of conditions in other lands. As a literary genre, it has certain conventions. Readers are generally seeking the exotic, the other, the different in the places they explore in literary mode.

Modernist Travel Writing : Intellectuals Abroad -

We love to hear them prate and drivel and lie. We can tell them the moment we see them.

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They always throw out a few feelers: they never cast themselves adrift till they have sounded every individual and know that he has not traveled. Then they open their throttle-valves, and how they do brag, and sneer, and swell, and soar, and blaspheme the sacred name of Truth!

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Their central idea, their grand aim, is to subjugate you, keep you down, make you feel insignificant and humble in the blaze of their cosmopolitan glory! They will not let you know anything. They sneer at your most inoffensive suggestions; they laugh unfeelingly at your treasured dreams of foreign lands; they brand the statements of your traveled aunts and uncles as the stupidest absurdities; […] But still I love the Old Travelers.

I love them for their witless platitudes; for their supernatural ability to bore; for their delightful asinine vanity; for their luxuriant fertility of imagination; for their startling, their brilliant, their overwhelming mendacity! If we are to believe the major myths and tales, travel is part of the human adventure. Whether man embarks for good or toward a promised land Abraham or Moses , experiences numerous tribulations before returning to his point of origin Ulysses , takes to the road to seek wisdom through multiple encounters Buddha or goes off to discover terra incognita Christopher Columbus or Marco Polo , he enriches his perception of the world.

Maybe one of the best illustrations of applied intercultural dialogue is travel literature, for over centuries people have moved from one geographical location to another for work, education, trade, diplomacy, leisure and have come in interaction with other people of different color, culture or creed. These interactions occur in different ways, they can be violent and disruptive or peaceful and amicable, and obviously when we talk about violence we do not mean occupation or conquest but merely erroneous cultural approach resulting from lack of communication due to preconceived ideas.

The truth of the matter is that humans build far too many walls around them and too few bridges to meet. Is it fear? Is it superiority? Is it hatred?

Becoming A Travel Writer

Or is it all these things put together? Actually there is no ready-made answer, but a multitude of scenarios…. In this regard, by undertaking research on travel literature, culture experts aim at advancing cultural exchange in the field of literature and translation through multilateral cooperation encompassing policy research and analysis, publications, translator training and skills development, joint participation in international book fairs, literature festivals and other forums, organization of larger-scale projects, as well as conferences, seminars and workshops. Ibn Battuta4 was the only medieval traveler who is known to have visited the lands of every Muslim ruler of his time.

The mere extent of his travels is estimated at over 75, miles, a figure which is not likely to have been surpassed before the age of steam. Fifty years earlier than Marco Polo, he traveled, on horse, camel, foot and boat, through all manner of lands, including West Africa where he visited Timbuktu, Mali and Niger.

His interest was not only confined to geography. He vividly described the prevailing political, economic and social conditions, the position of women and religious matters.

He was appointed Qadi Chief Judge of Delhi, and spent the last twenty-three years of his life as Qadi of Fez, Morocco, writing his comprehensive travel document. Ibn Battuta started on his travels when he was 21 years old in His main reason to travel was to go on a Hajj or the Pilgrimage to Makkah Mecca , as all Muslims are instructed to do.

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But his traveling went on for about 29 years and he covered about 75, miles visiting the equivalent of 44 modern countries. He met many dangers and had many adventures along the way. He was attacked by bandits, almost drowned in a sinking ship and was almost beheaded by a tyrant ruler on his travels. It is a valuable and interesting record of places which add to our understanding of the Middle Ages.

For sheer distance covered, however, Polo trails far behind the Muslim scholar Ibn Battuta. Though little known outside the Islamic world, Battuta spent half his life tramping across vast swaths of the Eastern Hemisphere. Moving by sea, by camel caravan and on foot, he ventured into over 40 modern day nations, often putting himself in extreme danger just to satisfy his wanderlust. In , at age 21, he left his homeland for the Middle East.

He intended to complete his hajj—the Muslim pilgrimage to the holy city of Mecca—but he also wished to study Islamic law along the way. He was an Egyptian religious scholar trained in Islamic disciplines at al-Azhar by a shaykh sympathetic to the reform program of Muhammad Ali. He went to Paris as a religious teacher for the diplomatic mission there, gaining familiarity with European ideas.

Helped develop a new educational system in Egypt and encouraged language instruction and translations. Worked to develop an intellectual framework for the integration of European and Islamic ideas, laying the foundation for Islamic modernist thought. Also laid the foundation for Egyptian nationalism. Tahtawi was among the first Egyptian scholars to write about Western cultures in an attempt to bring about reconciliation and an understanding between Islamic and Christian civilizations. He founded the School of Languages in and was influential in the development of science, law, literature and Egyptology in 19th-century Egypt.

At the time Egypt was going through a period of transition. According to the strategy, those who had studied in Paris could replace the French experts who had been imported for the purpose. Written in an objective tone, it was meant to function as a practical travel guide, educating, uplifting and encouraging imitation.

And goes on to talk about his fascination with the French culture and civilization and an idealized view of the French educational system:. The republican political system is described positively, but the author also comments that Islam provides good arrangements as well. Tahtawi, born in Upper Egyptian Tahta as the scion of a prominent family, was one of the pioneers of the nahda , the Arab Renaissance. It also proved fortunate that Tahtawi — unlike the other participants — was not delegated to a technical specialization and could instead devote himself to translating and reading a broad range of literature.

Displaying great attractions of person as well as sprightliness of mind from her earliest years, she was the favourite and pride of her father, who, having lost his wife in , and continuing a widower, introduced his daughter to society, and made her preside at his table, almost before she had well outgrown her childhood. In August, , without the consent of her father, with whose views in regard to a settlement his son-in-law had refused to comply, Lady Mary married Edward Wortley Montagu, Esq. Sydney Montagu, and grandson of the first earl of Sandwich.

Her letters to Mr. Montagu before their marriage, which have been published entire for the first time in the late complete edition of her works by her great grand-son, the present Lord Wharncliffe, prove that she had already attained much of that sharpness both of style and thought for which her writings are remarkable, as well as a maturity of judgment far beyond her years. Between and , Lady Mary Wortley Montagu accompanied her husband during his appointment as ambassador to the Ottoman Empire, travelling overland through Vienna, Belgrade and Adrianople, staying in Constantinople, and returning via Tunis, Genoa and Paris.

Her liveliness makes them delightfully readable, and her singular intelligence provides us with insights that were exceptional for their time.